Always know what's ahead instead of waiting for what's to come
Prevention has always been the best medicine. Before you can prevent the disease you have to understand it.
Types of Arthritis in Dogs
Osteoarthritis is a chronic, slowly progressing condition that is caused by the breakdown and destruction of your pet's cartilage. As this occurs, the bony structures begin to rub against one another causing pain and discomfort.
Degenerative Joint Disease involves some kind of a breakdown or destruction in portions of the joint, usually cartilage. Just as in the case of osteoarthritis, this condition does not necessarily mean that your pet is experiencing any inflammation.
Hip Dysplasia is characterized by a malformed "ball and joint" socket in your animal. As you might expect, this ill-fitting combination causes a series of complications. Here, chronic inflammation is common; calcium build-ups occur; there is muscle pain; and the tissue in the surrounding areas begin to break down.
Elbow Dysplasia is a like condition that is typically hereditary and most generally found in larger breeds of dogs. Bones become malformed and usually results in "bone chips" that are very painful. Typically, your pet will exhibit some lameness when suffering from this condition.
Knee (dysplasia) is also characterized by malformed bones and bone "chips." It is painful and often obviates itself since the pet is lame and/or limping as the condition progresses.
Knee (stifle) joint typically involves torn ligaments which cause instability in the joint. Dislocation of the (knee) joint is also a problem. Inflammation is common since this is a joint that is subjected to a lot of stress and strain. In most cases it is a result of poor breeding.
Osteochondrosis is a condition where you are contending with a medical condition that results from poor breeding. Improper or inadequate diet can also cause this condition (both factors may be at play). It is characterized by cartilage deterioration and tissue is generally both inflamed and painful.
Hypertrophic arthritis involves excessive bone growth and/or "spurs" on the joints themselves. In such situations, the pet is typically experiencing a lot of pain.
Shoulder (degeneration) is usually a multi-factorial situation making a clear-cut cause difficult to isolate. An unstable joint, osteochondrosis or even trauma may be the cause. (Or, a combination of factors).
Wrist arthritis (carpi) might be compared to "carpal tunnel syndrome" seen in humans. Usually, this area of the pet's body is affected more frequently with pets who are very active.
Kneecap (dislocation) is usually caused by poorly formed leg bones which secondarily, allows the kneecap to move or "pop" out of its normal position. Usually, this is either an inherited condition or results from poor breeding.
Normal Joint Anatomy in Dogs
Veterinary & Aquatic Services Department, Drs. Foster & Smith
A joint is formed when two bones are brought together and held in place by supporting tissues. Joints may have large ranges of movement such as the shoulder and hip joints, or have very little movement such as the joints between the bones in the skull.
There are three types of joints based upon the type of tissues that connect the bones.
Synovial joints generally have the greatest range of movement. In a synovial joint, the bone ends are covered with cartilage. Tough, fibrous tissue encloses the area between the bone ends and is called the joint capsule. Ligaments, which are also made of tough, fibrous tissue help hold the bones in alignment. The ligaments may be part of the joint capsule or inside of it or outside of it. The area inside the joint capsule is called the joint cavity and is filled with a fluid called synovial (joint) fluid. Examples of synovial joints include the joints in the legs and the temporomandibular joint which joins the skull to the lower jaw.
Fibrous joints allow very little movement. The bones are held together tightly by tough, fibrous tissue. Fibrous joints include those that join the bones of the skull together. The skull is actually made up of over 40 different bones, all tightly held together by this fibrous tissue.
Cartilage joints allow some movement and are formed when two or more bones are joined by cartilage. The joints formed between each vertebra in the spine are cartilage joints. The intervertebral disc is actually cartilage, which joins two vertebrae together.
**Canine Arthritis And Joint is intended for informational, educational and entertainment purposes only and is not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Do not attempt to self-diagnose or treat any health condition. You should always consult with a healthcare professional before starting any diet, exercise or supplementation program, before taking any medication, or if you have or suspect your pet might have a health problem. The opinions expressed by Canine Arthritis And Joint are not to be replaced for medical care. This website and the information contained herein have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The information and opinions on Canine Arthritis And Joint are not intended and cannot be used to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. This applies to people and pets!
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